By: Krystle Crossman
Type 2 diabetes is a very prevalent disease in the U.S. Over 24 million people are afflicted with it. Out of that number there are 6 million people who don’t even know that they have diabetes. There are common signs and symptoms that should not go untreated.
1. Excessive thirst – When you have too much glucose in your system your kidneys will try to get rid of it. They will work extra hard to filter your blood which creates excess urine. People with diabetes find that they have to urinate frequently and also have a higher liquid intake than normal to make up for the excessive urination.
2. Skin issues – Darkening of the armpits or the neck are signs of an insulin imbalance. Patients may also notice that their skin itches.
3. Healing – One of the biggest indicators of diabetes is slow healing. Do you find that cuts and scrapes are healing slower than normal? This could be because of damage to the veins and arteries because of the excess glucose that is in your bloodstream.
4. Circulation – With all of the excess sugar in the blood patients will find that they have poor circulation in their extremities. As diabetes progresses patients develop foot problems which can become extremely serious.
5. Weight loss – When your body thinks that it is starving it will break down the proteins in your muscle and tissues. When this happens you lose weight rapidly but it isn’t healthy. When there is too little glucose that is actually getting to the cells via insulin your body thinks that you are not getting enough energy and breaks the proteins down.
6. Infections – You are far more susceptible to infections due to a depressed immune system. This can lead to more yeast infections in women.
7. Cravings – When the sugar levels in the bloodstream dip your body thinks that you need to eat food. You will find that you are craving sugary foods. Once you indulge in sugary foods your sugar level will spike and you will feel lethargic all day.
8. Fatigue – One thing that is almost sure to bring a patient into the hospital is excessive fatigue. Some people don’t even realize that they are feeling as sick as they are until their blood sugar is raised or lowered.
9. Blood – Your blood work will definitively show whether you have high sugar levels or not. If you fast for a certain number of hours and your blood shows high levels of glucose you may very well have diabetes. More tests will be run to confirm.
10. Blurred vision – When you have too much sugar in your blood the shape of the lens of your eye will change. This can cause vision to be blurred or you may notice “floaters” or black spots here and there.